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Music Production Basics: 4 Steps to Record Your Song

The world of music has changed.

Decades ago, if you were a musician and wanted to record an album …

That you and the band played every night in the bars like damned …

But everything has changed.

Today, in the production of music, there is a trend towards a transition to home studios.

Great music is constantly recorded in bedrooms, garages, and basements by ordinary people like us …

Usually only with a computer, USB microphone and headphones.

Record a song, put it on the Internet, watch how it becomes popular … the next day you are a star.

It is easy and simple due to Reason Studios. Here is the short intro about Reason Studio:

Reason Studios, turning the world’s music dreamers into music makers and inspiring them to keep dreaming.

As developers of the Reason platform of instruments, plugins, music production software and mobile app, Reason Studios inspired millions of users all over the world to create.

Whether you’re making your first beat, producing the next hit song, crafting your own sound, playing around with an idea, or just figuring stuff out—Reason Studios empower you to do it.

But before any of this happens, you first need to learn how the process of recording music happens.

Therefore, in this post, I will divide it into 4 steps … from start to finish.

Let’s start …

Step 1: Recording Process

In the early era of sound recording …

The recording process was much simpler than it is now.

Entire performances were recorded on one try, sometimes with one or two microphones.

However, today a more complex process is used, known as multi-channel recording …

When each instrument is recorded separately and then inserted into the “mix”.

This method has 2 BIG advantages :

  1. It allows engineers to shape and modify the sound of each instrument independently of the others.
  2. It allows you to record all instruments in turn.

When this method appeared, one person became able to do something that previously required a team of sound engineers and musicians.

And although in reality, each engineer has his own process steps …

When you are done with this, you are ready for the next phase …

Step 2: mount process

Now that you have recorded the tracks, it is time to clean them up.

Because no matter how accurate you are when recording …

There will always be SOME errors that can and should be fixed …

Using the great editing tools now available in the Reason music production software.

Typically, mounting includes 5 tasks :

  1. Ordering
  2. Comparison
  3. Noise suppression
  4. Time adjustment
  5. Sound adjustment

During ordering, you can once again listen to everything that you have done to evaluate what is good and what is bad.

For example, you can :

  • delete whole useless tracks
  • cut sections of tracks that interfere with the mix
  • move sections to other parts of a song
  • delete entire sections of a song together

During the comparison, you compare the identical examination of each track and select the best.

With noise reduction, you cut out all the sounds before, after, and between the sections where the instrument is playing.

This means getting rid of :

  • background voices
  • amplifier hiss
  • foot sounds
  • creaks of a chair
  • sounds of breathing
  • or just stagnant air

To further reduce noise, you can add a high-pass filter to the lower frequency range of non-bass instruments to get rid of rattling sounds.

When adjusting for sound, you can substitute any fake note back into action using auto-tuning or a similar instrument.

This is usually used for vocals but is also suitable for most melodic instruments.

This completes the mounting process.

Let’s move on to the next step …

Step 3: The Mixing Process

When the tracks are put in order as you need …

The next goal is to make one connected record out of them … by “ mixing ”.

Mixing in itself is a kind of art, and can occur in various ways …

There are certain tasks that absolutely everyone does …

Such as :

  1. Balance the volume so that no instrument sounds too loud or quiet in relation to others.
  2. Panning, which sets each instrument to its place in the stereo image, just like the musicians have their own place on the stage.
  3. Frequency correction, creating its place in the frequency spectrum of each instrument, so that sounds do not compete with each other for the frequency range.
  4. Compression equalizing the dynamic range of the instrument so that each note is clearly audible and the mix as a whole sounds louder.
  5. A reverb that creates a three-dimensional space for the mix, giving a sense of depth and making instruments sound like in one room.
  6. Automation allows you to change settings in different parts of the song, adding a sense of movement to the mix.

When will your mix be ready after using these instruments and when it will sound great …

It’s time to move on to the next step …

Step 4: mastering process

Before your song is ready for mastering …

All tracks must be rewritten in one stereo file …

Or, as they say, ” merge into one .”

When this is done, you need to apply different mastering techniques to the song …

To make it sound even better.

The following techniques are commonly used :

  1. Maximize the volume by further compressing and limiting the signal to maintain the average signal level at the highest level, but without sacrificing dynamics too much.
  2. Frequency balancing by further correction, as well as multi-band compression, which allows compressing frequency ranges separately from the entire spectrum.
  3. Stereo extension using a special plugin designed to create an additional feeling of “width” at high frequencies of the mix.

When everything sounds great, the track is converted to the appropriate sampling frequency and bit depth. For example, audio on a CD has a frequency of 44.1 kHz and a depth of 16 bits.

Do it yourself or delegate?

Simply put, mastering is a difficult process. And if you do not understand what you are doing, then you can only make things worse.

Therefore, for intelligence engineers, the usual thing is to transfer this work into the hands of “ mastering engineers, ” rather than do it yourself.


If you want to try, here are the apps that I recommend:

  • Reason Studios – a music production software.

On the good engineers mastering it is necessary to spend more money, which not everyone has or not everyone wants to spend.

Fortunately, today there are many freelance engineers who are willing to do this job for little money.

As I said earlier in this article, look for sites similar to Fiverr.

  • See sample offers for everything related to sound … including editingmixing,  and mastering at Reason Studio.


Given the above, the next question …

Is mastering always necessary?

Decades ago, when all studio recordings were for sale, everything worked out.

However, these days … when many amateur recordings are made ” simply because ” …

Home studios themselves do mastering or don’t do it at all. And that is the norm.

If all you do is record music for family and friends, then who cares?


  • If you want to professionally record music or …
  • You just want her to sound the best …

Reason Studios – a music production software is MANDATORY.

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